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Hundred Peaceful & Wrathful Deities

Thangka representing 100 peaceful and wrathful deities

"The Hundred Peaceful and Wrathful Deities" originated from the Guhyagarbha Tantra ("The Tantra of the Secret Quintessence"), the main tantra of the Mahayoga class and the primary Tantric text studied in the Nyingma tradition. The Guhyagarbha Tantra also carries the meaning of "destroying the roots of Vajra Hell", considered to be a compulsory practice for all Mahasiddhas and the great accomplished practitioners.

The Hundred Peaceful and Wrathful Deities include the forty-two peaceful deities and fifty-eight wrathful deities. Bardo, the intermediate state between death and rebirth generally lasts "seven times seven days" or 49 days at the most. At every stage, there is a the gradual emergence of a special mandala, emitting a variety of different dazzling glare of light and loud thundering roar. As long as the one passing through the bardo state can recognize these different deities as the reflections of the nature of Dharmadhatu, covering all six realms, he or she can be liberated. Vajrasattva, as an aspect of Samantabhadra, is the principal deity of the Guhyabarbha Tantra. Besides the benefits mentioned earlier, the Vajrawheel now engraved with the 100 deities, based on linedrawings by His Holiness the Gyalwang Drukpa, will further give the following benefits, upon completion:

  •  To liberate the suffering of those beings who have long taken rebirth in samsaric realms, including ancestors, parents, relatives and friends, and to plant the seed of enlightenment on their behalf.
  •  To liberate those in the bardo state
  •  To liberate the consciousness of the demonish spirits, so that they may take rebirth in Amitabha's pureland
  •  To accumulate merit and wisdom for the living beings, and to purify the negative karma accumulated since beginningless times, so that they will be free from sickness and away from all the natural and manmade disasters, and their lives will be prolonged

The Hundred Peaceful and Wrathful Deities

Source: Rigpa Shedra

The 42 Peaceful Deities

Thangka representing 42 peaceful deities

1 Samantabadra
2 Samantabadri
3-7 The Five Male Buddhas of the Five Families — the five peaceful buddhas of the sambhogakaya:
  •  Vairochana, buddha family
  •  Akshobhya, vajra family
  •  Ratnasambhava, ratna family
  •  Amitabha, padma family
  •  Amoghasiddhi, karma family
8-12 The Five Female Buddhas of the Five Families - also known as the five mothers:
  •  Dhatvishvari, also known as Vajra Datvishvari or White Tara, the consort of Vairochana, who represents the purity of the element space
  •  Buddhalochana, the consort of Akshobhya, who represents the purity of the element earth
  •  Mamaki, the consort of Ratnasambhava, who represents the purity of the element water
  •  Pandaravasini, the consort of Amitabha, who represents the purity of the element fire
  •  Samayatara, also known as Green Tara, the consort of Amoghasiddhi, who represents the purity of the element wind
13-20 The Eight Male Bodhisattvas — the main bodhisattvas in the retinue of Buddha Shakyamuni:
  •  Manjushri
  •  Avalokiteshvara
  •  Vajrapani
  •  Maitreya
  •  Kshitigarbha
  •  Akashagarbha
  •  Sarvanivaranavishkambhin
  •  Samantabhadra
21-28 The Eight Female Bodhisattvas — also referred to as the eight offering goddesses. They are the consorts of the eight great Bodhisattvas, symbolically representing the pure state of sense objects:
  •  Goddess of Light, the consort of Manjushri
  •  Goddess of Song, the consort of Avalokiteshvara
  •  Goddess of Dance, the consort of Vajrapani
  •  Goddess of Flowers, the consort of Maitreya
  •  Goddess of Beauty, the consort of Kshitigarbha
  •  Goddess of Garlands, the consort of Akashagarbha
  •  Goddess of Incense, the consort of Sarvanivaranavishkambhin
  •  Goddess of Perfume, the consort of Samantabhadra
29-34 The Six Munis — the supreme Nirmanakaya Buddhas for each of the six classes of beings:

The Six Munis © 2004 Shechen Archives

  •  Indra Kaushika for the god realms
  •  Vemachitra for the demi-gods or asura realms
  •  Shakyamuni for the human realm
  •  Shravasingha or Dhruvasiṃha for the animal realm
  •  Jvalamukhadeva for the preta realms
  •  Dharmaraja for the hell realms
35-38 The Four Male Gate Keepers:
  •  Achala, guarding the east gate
  •  Yamantaka, guarding the south gate
  •  Hayagriva, guarding the west gate
  •  Amritakundali, guarding the north gate
39-42 The Four Female Gate Keepers:
  •  Ankusha, also called 'Horse Face' or 'Iron Hook', guarding the east gate and in union with Achala
  •  Pasha, also called 'Sow Face' or 'the Noose', guarding the south gate and in union with Yamantaka
  •  Shrinkhala, also called 'Lion Face' or 'Iron Chain', guarding the west gate and in union with Hayagriva
  •  Ghanta, also called 'Wolf Face' or 'the Bell', guarding the north gate and in union with Amritakundali

The 58 Wrathful Deities

Thangka representing 58 wrathful deities

1-10 The Five Wrathful Herukas and their Five Consorts - the wrathful aspect of the male and female Buddhas of the five families:
  •  Buddhaheruka and his consort Buddhakrodhishvari
  •  Vajraheruka and his consort Vajrarodhishvari
  •  Ratnaheruka and his consort Ratnarodhishvari
  •  Padmaheruka and his consort Padmakrodhishvari
  •  Karmaheruka and his consort Karmakrodhishvari
11-18 The Eight Wrathful Females:
  •  Gauri
  •  Pukkasi
  •  Chaurimatrika
  •  Ghasmari
  •  Pramoha
  •  Chandali
  •  Vetali
  •  Shmashani
19-26 The Eight Tramen - animal-headed deities:
  •  Simhamukha
  •  Vyaghrimukha
  •  Srigalamukha
  •  Shvanamukha
  •  Gridhamukha
  •  Kangkamukha
  •  Kakamukha
  •  Ulumukha
27-30 The Four Female Gatekeepers:
  •  Ankusha, also called 'Horse Face' or 'Iron Hook', guarding the east gate
  •  Pasha, also called 'Sow Face' or 'the Noose', guarding the south gate
  •  Shrinkhala, also called 'Lion Face' or 'Iron Chain', guarding the west gate
  •  Ghanta, also called 'Wolf Face' or 'the Bell', guarding the north gate
31-58 The Twenty-eight Ishvaris - composed of four groups of six yoginis corresponding to the four activities, and of the four female outer-gate keepers:
  The six yoginis corresponding to the activity of pacifying:

The six yoginis corresponding to the activity of pacifying © Terton Sogyal Trust

  •  Rakshasi (white)
  •  Brahmi
  •  Mahadevi
  •  Lobha
  •  Kumari
  •  Indrani
  The six yoginis corresponding to the activity of increasing:

The six yoginis corresponding to the activity of increasing © Terton Sogyal Trust

  •  Vajra
  •  Shanti
  •  Amrita
  •  Chandra
  •  Danda
  •  Rakshasi (dark yellow)
  The six yoginis corresponding to the activity of magnetizing:

The six yoginis corresponding to the activity of  magnetizing © Terton Sogyal Trust

  •  Bhakshini
  •  Rati
  •  Mahabala
  •  Rakshasi (pale red)
  •  Kama
  •  Vasuraksha
  The six yoginis corresponding to the activity of subjugating:

The six yoginis corresponding to the activity of  subjugating © Terton Sogyal Trust

  •  Vayudevi
  •  Nari
  •  Varahi
  •  Nanda
  •  Mahahastini
  •  Varunadevi
  The last group is composed of the four female outer-gate keepers

four female outer-gate keepers © Terton Sogyal Trust

 

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